When deciding what treatment is best for a client to achieve the best results possible. You have to take into consideration the most important step that is often times overlooked. The first and most important step to the treatment plan is to determine the clients Skin Type. There are many factors that play a role and affect the skin type. These include genetics, environment, diet and medication. There are five different skin types; Combination, Sensitive, Normal, Oily, and Dry skin.
Once the skin type is determined then the Skincare professional can move forward with a treatment plan matching skin product to skin type. Knowing the skin type is also beneficial for the client as well. It informs the client allowing them to choose products for at home use to maximize treatment results provided by the skincare professional. Take a look below at the characteristics of each skin type.
- Normal: Skin shows neither oil nor flaking . It has the proper balance of water and lipids. The pores are just about visible and skin has minimal to no sensitivity. It should feel supple and smooth. If you have it, consider yourself lucky
- Oily: Skin is characterized being oily. It is also common for a person with oily skin to have large pores and a shine. It is more often seen in young people, caused by overactive skin glands secreting excess lipids. It is due to or made worse by puberty (hormone imbalance), stress, excess heat, or humidity. Excess oil can oftentimes leave pores congested and clogged. A gentle exfoliator is beneficial for balancing the tone and texture of your skin. Oilier skin is also prone to PIH (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation), a condition which leaves dark spots on the skin after a breakout has healed. Exfoliation will also help lighten these dark spots by polishing away the uppermost layers of skin and revealing new cells. Those with moderate to severe acneic breakouts should consider using an exfoliator that includes anti-bacterial ingredients to speed healing and prevent future blemishes.
- Dry: Skin may feel taut throughout the day or show flakes of dead skin. It is associated with dull complexion, red patches, small pores and peeling, cracking, itchiness, or irritation. Moisturizing is important for this skin type. Dehydration is also a leading cause of dry skin, so drinking plenty of water and avoiding diuretics like alcohol and caffeine can make a significant difference in how your skin feels and looks. Daily exfoliation with gentle, non-abrasive ingredients help promote skin cell turnover without removing skin’s natural oils. Without an additional layer of dead skin, serums and treatments will be absorbed more easily. The best moisturizers for dry skin are those containing hyaluronic acid (often listed as sodium hyaluronate in ingredients), glycerine, and marine actives like algae, because of their ability to attract water and deliver it directly to skin cells. Emollients, including squalene and camellia oil, help smooth and hydrate your skin evenly and effectively.
- Combination: Most common. It exhibits traits of all three of the above skin types. It can be due to genetic factors or hormone levels that affect the amount and location of lipids, which become unevenly distributed in the skin. Usually, the skin is oily in the T-zone and normal to dry elsewhere.
- Sensitive: Symptoms include redness, itching, burning, and dryness. If possible, it would be beneficial to determine why your skin is sensitive so that you can avoid the substances that cause skin reactions and discomfort. Common causes are acne, medications like antibiotics, ingredients in skin care products or detergents, and allergies.